A model for predicting household end-use energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in Australia

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A new tool for predicting the total energy consumption and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of Australian households is developed by integrating the thermal efficiency of the building envelope, installed equipment and appliances, and different occupancy profiles with energy end-use modules for space heating, space cooling, water heating, lighting, and […]

Physical characteristics of the indoor environment that affect health and wellbeing in healthcare facilities: a review

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Understanding the physical characteristics of the indoor environment that affect human health and wellbeing is the key requirement underpinning the beneficial design of a healthcare facility (HCF). We reviewed and summarized physical factors of the indoor environment reported to affect human health and wellbeing in HCFs. Altogether, 214 publications were […]

Investigation on thermal comfort and energy conservation of local ventilation

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This study evaluates the effect of temperature on thermal comfort and energy conservation by utilizing the previously used local ventilation air-conditioning mode. Three room temperatures (26°C, 28°C, 30°C (78.8°F, 82.4°F, 86°F)) and three LV temperatures (20°C, 26°C, 28°C (68°F, 78.8°F, 82.4°F)) were used. Eighteen subjects participated in the subjective experiment […]

Use and misuse of the concept of culture

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Culture is an all-pervading construct of human existence but its conceptualization is contested. As such, it is problematic to define or measure culture as different paradigms adopt radically different approaches. Emic approaches are, essentially, inward-looking and, via a constructivist paradigm, assert that a culture can be investigated validly only from […]

City futures: exploring urban retrofit and sustainable transitions

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Cities are responsible for up to 70% of global carbon emissions and 75% of global energy consumption. By 2050 it is estimated that 70% of the world’s population will live in cities. The critical challenge for contemporary urbanism, therefore, is to understand how to develop the knowledge, capacity and capability […]

The usability of control interfaces in low-carbon housing

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For the same type of house, energy and water use can vary by up to 14 times between different households in low-carbon housing. This article assesses the usability of key human control interfaces in two contrasting case studies of low-carbon housing, using building performance evaluation and a usability matrix tool. […]

Zero-energy buildings: the challenges

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In the EU a Directive was adopted according to which after 31 December 2020 the construction of buildings that do not meet the requirement of being ‘nearly zero (fossil) energy’ will not be allowed. Today, only a few zero-energy buildings (ZEBs) exist, and they show that their design, construction and […]